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RP2E INRA Université de Lorraine

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Expression profile of hepatic genes related to lipid homeostasis in LSR heterozygous mice contributes to their increased response to high-fat diet

Physiol Genomics, 48 (12), pp. 928-935.

Akbar, S., Pinçon, A., Lanhers, M.-C., Claudepierre, T., Corbier, C., Gregory-Pauron, L., Malaplate-Armand, C., Visvikis, A., Oster, T., Yen, F.T.

2016

Perturbations of lipid homeostasis manifest as dyslipidemias and obesity, which are significant risk factors for atherosclerosis and diabetes. Lipoprotein receptors in the liver are key players in the regulation of lipid homeostasis, among which the hepatic lipolysis stimulated lipoprotein receptor, LSR, was recently shown to play an important role in the removal of lipoproteins from the circulation during the postprandial phase. Since heterozygous LSR+/- mice demonstrate moderate dyslipidemia and develop higher body weight gain in response to high-fat diet as compared to littermate LSR+/+ controls, we questioned if LSR heterozygosity could affect genes related to hepatic lipid metabolism. A target-specific qPCR array for 84 genes related to lipid metabolism was performed on mRNA isolated from livers of 6-month old female LSR+/- mice and LSR+/+ littermates following a 6-week period on a standard (STD) or high-fat diet (60% kcal, HFD). Of the 84 genes studied, 32 were significantly down-regulated in STD-LSR+/- mice as compared to STD-LSR+/+, a majority of which were PPARα target genes involved in lipid metabolism and transport, and insulin and adipokine-signaling pathways. Of these 32 genes, 80% were also modified in HFD-LSR+/+, suggesting that STD-LSR+/- mice demonstrated a predisposition towards a "high-fat"-like profile, which could reflect dysregulation of liver lipid homeostasis. Since similar profiles of genes were affected by either LSR heterozygosity or by high-fat diet, this would suggest that LSR is a key receptor in regulating hepatic lipid homeostasis, and whose downregulation combined with a Western-type diet may increase predisposition to diet-induced obesity.

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2018

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  • Humusica: Soil biodiversity and global change

    Bulletin of geography: Physical Geography Series, 14 (1), pp. 15-36.

    Zanella, A., Ascher-jenull, J., Ponge, J.F., Bolzonella, C., Banas, D., De nobili, M., Fusaro, S., Sella, L., Giannini, R.

2017

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2016

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2015

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2014

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2013

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